Croatia was my first introduction to the former Yugoslavia and it was love at first sight. To be honest, the love affair began at several thousand feet as Croatia’s exquisite coastline makes for one of the most scenic runway approaches I’ve seen. If you are planning a trip to Croatia here are some travel tips which will help you navigate this beautiful and underrated country.
Visa: Croatia is a member of the EU but is not part of the Schengen Agreement bloc. EU/EEA citizens along with citizens of a number of countries including USA, Canada and Australia can visit Croatia for up to 90 days without a visa.
All visitors to Croatia must register with the police within 48 hours of arriving. Your accommodation provider will usually do this but may charge extra for the process.
Language: Croatian, which bears a similarity to Serbian and Bosnian. Republika Hrvatska is what the Republic of Croatia is known as in its own language. Croatian website domains end with the letters hr.
Given the historical links, German seems to be the second language of older people. English is the second language of younger folk as it is now compulsory in schools. However, here’s a list of basic Croatian vocabulary:
Currency: The Kuna. Given Croatia’s popularity as a European tourist destination Kuna are easily obtainable elsewhere in Europe.
Croatia Geography: Croatia shares borders with the former Yugoslav countries of Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro along with Hungary to the north. Croatia’s blessing is its extraordinarily long and beautiful coastline which contains over 1,000 islands in the Adriatic Sea. The southern part of Croatia’s coast is also known as the Dalmatian coast.
Mountains run the length of the country from the Slovenian border in the north to the Montenegro border in the south making the country ideal for trekking.
Croatia has 8 National Parks and this Lonely Planet video showcases them to perfection.
Croatia History: The Croats were a Slavic tribe who arrived from Eastern Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire. After that it gets complicated, with the country going from its own kingdom to being split between the neighbouring empires. The coastal area became part of the Venetian Republic with the Hapsburg/Austro-Hungarian Empire in charge further inland, all whilst battling incursions by the Ottoman Empire.
With the fall of the Venetian Republic Croatia became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I.
In 1918 Croatia became united with the other Slavic countries to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1926 which was invaded by the Axis powers during World War II. The Resistance was led by Josep Broz Tito whilst the local fascist group, the Ustaše, colluded with the Nazis. The horrific actions of the Ustaše is a difficult subject in the Balkans even nowadays.
More name changes occurred: Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946 to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963. Tito was leader of Yugoslavia up to his death in 1980 and his failure to put in place a successor led to a rise in nationalism and the disintegration of the federation.
Croatia declared independence on 25th June 1991 after a referendum a month earlier delivered a large consensus in favour of departing Yugoslavia. War followed until a UN ceasefire in 1992 brought most of the fighting under control. However, it took until 1998 for the entirety of Croatia to achieve peace. Croatia joined NATO in 2009 and the EU in 2013.
Best time to visit Croatia: Like most of the southern European countries July and August can get very busy. June and September are ideal for beach holidays whilst April, May and October are good for city breaks.
Of all of the travel tips listed here the most important for beachgoers is to bear in mind that Croatia’s beaches are predominantly pebbled not sandy. So if you are planning a trip to Croatia, particularly its coastline, invest in a pair of water shoes although Croatia’s beach-side shops have them in stock. On the upside, no sand means crystal-clear waters.
FKK signs on beaches indicates a textile optional area. FKK stands for freikörperkultur, translated from German as Free Body Culture.
Electrical plugs in Croatia: The standard continental European type which is the two round pin plug/socket of 220V-240V.
Food in Croatia: This was one of the nicest surprises. There is a distinct Italian feel about Croatian menus given the Venetian Republic’s role in the country. The obsession with making a pasta sauce from green herbs, lemon and olive oil was a tip I took note of. Bread, cheese and meat featured highly on menus. Breakfast was coffee and a pastry. Family-run bakeries provided baguette-style sandwiches and servings of delicious burek, a filo pastry filled (usually) with meat. Pizza slices were ubiquitous and cheap. Seafood was expensive as apparently the Italians have over-fished the Adriatic!
Croatia produces its own wine and an amount of cherry liqueurs – Both come recommended.
Getting around Croatia: Bus transport is very popular for intercity travel as the rail network is limited, particularly on the coast. Buses are safe and inexpensive but charge extra to put luggage in the hold. The challenge with buses is finding the correct information in smaller towns and villages. In July and August book in advance if you can. Check out the GetbyBus website for more information.
Driving in Croatia is challenging. Terrain is mountainous and the friendly locals undergo a metamorphosis when they sit behind the wheel of a car. Over-taking on bends is commonplace and brake lights were not something I saw a lot of going downhill. On the other hand, a car is vital for accessing the small idyllic coves that dot the coastline. Check with your rental company if you can bring the hired car on to the islands by ferry.
Probably the best way of travelling the coast is by boat. Boat rental is available with and without a skipper. Scheduled ferries are efficient and reliable. Jadrolinija is the state-owned ferry company.
Getting to Croatia: I’ve tested a few ways. Croatia’s coast is connected by air to many European countries. Dubrovnik is both an air and bus transport hub, and is the gateway to Montenegro and Bosnia Herzegovina for many. I flew to Zadar with Ryanair and Dubrovnik with Aer Lingus, both from Dublin.
Entering Croatia by land from a non-EU country is arduous. I experienced a 1.5 hour delay when entering from Bosnia-Herzegovina and a 3 hour delay when entering from Montenegro. Both journeys were by bus. Bring a packed lunch and a good book!
Capital city Zagreb is well-connected to neighbouring countries by rail, bus and air. Pula, Porec, Rovinj, Zadar, Split and Dubrovnik are connected to Italy by ferry.
Dubrovnik is a stop on most Mediterranean/Adriatic cruise ship itineraries. As if Dubrovnik isn’t busy enough during the summer months, thousands of passengers alight from these large ships and head to the Old Town, making for a cramped experience.
Is Croatia safe to visit: Croatia is one of the safest places for solo female travel that I’ve visited. Tourism is and always has been a large part of the Croatian economy, even during Yugoslav times, so locals are well prepared for all types of traveller. Locals are unobtrusive and let everyone get on with their own business.
Whilst not a safety hazard, be prepared for the scrum of sobe ladies at bus stations offering private rooms, especially in Dubrovnik.
Ryanair may be a much-criticised airline but it was the curiosity which their route map instilled which brought Zadar city to my attention. Let my Discovering Zadar post be your perfect Zadar travel guide.
I have also visited Pag Island, Dubrovnik and the Peljesac Peninsula. I will blog about these destinations soon but if you are planning a trip to Croatia in the near future feel free to use the below comment form for queries.
PLANNING A TRIP TO CROATIA: BOOKS & RESOURCES
Lonely Planet’s Croatia guide and the Bradt guide to Croatia are excellent for giving a general overview as well as focusing on the popular destinations. For Dubrovnik and the Dalmatian Coast I highly recommend the convenient pocket-size DK Eyewitness Top 10 Dubrovnik and the Dalmatian Coast. And I simply couldn’t have discovered Croatia by car if it wasn’t for my trusty Marco Polo map. Buy the latest edition here from Amazon.